Learn about how to diagnose and treat burn injuries with these printable medical flash cards.
There are 10 flash cards in this set (2 pages to print.)
1. Print out the cards.
2. Cut along the dashed lines.
3. Fold along the solid lines.
Sample flash cards in this set:
|Description of Burns
|Injury to skin and tissue caused by chemicals, thermal energy, radiation, or electricity
|Assessment Findings for Burns
|Partial Thickness: First and Second degree burns Full Thickness: Third degree burns General distribution of burns may indicate source Straight burn lines may indicate child abuse Geriatric burns heal more slowly
|Degrees of Burns and Assessment Findings
|First Degree - Superficial layers of epidermis. Redness, Tenderness, No blisters Second Degree - Epidermal injury with blister formation. Redness, Tenderness, Presence of blisters Third Degree - Destruction of all skin elements. Charred, leathery appearance of skin, skin may be white with red edges, very little tenderness
|Diagnostic Studies for Burns
|Usually non indicated for first or second degree burns of limited area Culture and sensitivity if infected EKG if electrical burns
|Nonpharmacologic Management of Burns
|Do NOT apply ice to burns, apply cool water or saline to clean. May use mild soap. Remove clothing, jewelry, over and around burned areas Flush chemical burns with cool water for 30 minutes to 2 hours depending on substance and severity Remove blistered skin after rupturing blisters Clean and redress burn 1-2 times/day Encourage good nutrition during convalescence
|Pharmacologic Management for Burns
|Apply antibacterial cream: Bacitracin (around mucus membranes and face), Silver sulfadiazine Consider a biologic dressing (Very expensive) Analgesics for pain Tetanus prophylaxis if not within 10 years
|Refer to specialist all burns non considered minor; second degree burns >20% of body; all third degree burns; burns of eyes,hands, face, feet, or perineum; lightening burns; electrical burns; or burns over joints
|Follow-Up for Burns
|Most burns are minor and can be managed on an outpt basis Depends on severity and age of pt, but follow up 1-3 days until resolved
|Expected Outcome for Burns
|First degree burns resolve without complications Second degree burns resolve in about 2 weeks
|Prevention of Burns
|Liberal sunscreen use Limit access to electrical cords, wires, chemicals for children Parental supervision Use of home smoke detectors and plan for evacuation Knowledge of proper use of home fire extinguisher Set home water heaters 120-130F