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Circulatory System template

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the liquid (extracellular) partplasma
two of the body's most important functionstransportation and protection
the two systems that provide transportation and protection services for the bodycirculatory and lymphatic systems
the most abundant type of solute in the plasma that constitutes about 7% of the plasma weightplasma proteins
help thicken and maintain the blood volumealbumins
the antibodies that help protect us from infectionglobulins
two proteins that are necessary for blood clottingfibrinogen and prothrombin
plasma minus its clotting factorsblood serum
as a general rule how many liters of blood does an adult have?4 to 6 liters
Blood accounts for how much of the total body weight7% to 9%
three main types of formed elementserythrocytes (RBCs) leukocytes (WBCs) thrombocytes (platelets)
have granules in their cytoplasmGranular leukocytes
three subdivisions of granular leukocytesneutrophils eosinophils basophils
do not have granules in their cytoplasmnongranular leukocytes
two subdivisions of nongranular leukocyteslymphocytes monocytes
two kinds of connective tissue that makes blood cells for the bodymyeloid tissue lymphatic tissue
formation of new blood cellshematopoiesis
another name for myeloid tissuered bone marrow
A cell that is "caved in" on both sides so that each one has a thin center and thicker edges. They have no nucleusRBCs
One essential function of RBCshelp transport carbon dioxide
red pigmenthemoglobin
hemoglobin in RBCs unite with oxygen to formoxyhemoglobin
Hemoglobin can also carry a small proportion of the CO2 carried by the blood formingcarbaminohemoglobim
a condition caused by an inability of the blood to carry sufficient oxygen to the body cellsanemia
a result from a decrease in the number of RBCs caused by hemorrhagehemorrhagic anemia
a reduction in RBC numbers following destruction of the blood-forming elements in bone marrowaplastic anemia
a deficiency of RBCs that results from a failure of the stomach lining to produce the substance that allows vitamin B12 to be absorbed from the food we eatpernicious anemia
a hereditary disease caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin that is severe or sometimes fatalsickle cell anemia
results when the is inadequate iron in the dietiron deficiency anemia
bone marrow produces an excess of RBCspolysythemi
a measure of the total blood volume made up by the RBCshematocrit (Hct)
as a blood sample is spun down, the WBCs and platelets settle out in a layer calledbuffy coat
caused by excessive loss of body waterdehydration
that total number of WBCs per cubic millimeter (mm3) of whole blood ranges between 5,000 and 9,000total WBC count
the proportions of each type of WBC are reported as percentages of the total WBC count.differential WBC count
an abnormally low WBC count (less than 5,000 WBC/mm3 of blood)leukopenia
an abnormally high WBC count (more than 10,000 WBCs/mm3)leukocytosis
the most numerous of the active WBCs (phagocytes-protecting the body from invading microorganisms)neutrophils
weak phagocytes, provides protection against infections caused by parasitic worms.Eosinophils
found in peripheral blood they secret the chemical histamine, which is released during the inflammatory reactionbasophils
the largest leukocytes and are aggressive phagocytesmonocytes
specialized monocytes that grow to several times their original size after migrating out of the bloodstream.macrophages
help protect us against infections, but they do it by a process different from phagocytosisLymphocytes
a term used to describe a number of blood cancers affecting the WBCsleukemia
damaged tissue cells in an injured vessel wall release certain clotting factors into the plasma these factors rapidly react with other factors already present in the plasma to formprothrombin activator
a soft temporary plug that accumulates near the opening in a broken blood vessel.platelet plug
the next step of clotting by converting prothrombin tothrombin
in the last step of clotting thrombin reacts with this to change it to a fibrous gel called fibrinfibrinogen
a clot stays in the place where it was formedthrombus
the condition when a clot stays in the place where it was formedthrombosis
if part of the clot dislodges and circulates through the bloodstream, the dislodged part is calledembolus
the condition of a part of a clot dislodges and circulating in the bloodstreamembolism
a substance that can activate the immune system to make certain responses, including the production of antibodiesantigen
a substance made by the body in response to stimulation by an antigenantibody
the process of many antibodies reacting with their antigensagglutinate
testing for the presence or absence of an additional antigenRh antigen
Rh antigen is the basis for classifying ______Rh-positive or Rh-negative
universal donor blood universal recipient bloodO- AB+
caused by a mother's Rh antibodies reacting with the baby's Rh-positive cells.erythroblastosis fetalis
carefully matched blood to the blood of the recipient for ABO and Rh compatibility and also tested furthercrossmatching

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