Learn about the circulation of blood in the human body in these anatomy flash cards.
There are 60 flash cards in this set (10 pages to print.)
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Sample flash cards in this set:
|the liquid (extracellular) part
|two of the body's most important functions
|transportation and protection
|the two systems that provide transportation and protection services for the body
|circulatory and lymphatic systems
|the most abundant type of solute in the plasma that constitutes about 7% of the plasma weight
|help thicken and maintain the blood volume
|the antibodies that help protect us from infection
|two proteins that are necessary for blood clotting
|fibrinogen and prothrombin
|plasma minus its clotting factors
|as a general rule how many liters of blood does an adult have?
|4 to 6 liters
|Blood accounts for how much of the total body weight
|7% to 9%
|three main types of formed elements
|erythrocytes (RBCs) leukocytes (WBCs) thrombocytes (platelets)
|have granules in their cytoplasm
|three subdivisions of granular leukocytes
|neutrophils eosinophils basophils
|do not have granules in their cytoplasm
|two subdivisions of nongranular leukocytes
|two kinds of connective tissue that makes blood cells for the body
|myeloid tissue lymphatic tissue
|formation of new blood cells
|another name for myeloid tissue
|red bone marrow
|A cell that is "caved in" on both sides so that each one has a thin center and thicker edges. They have no nucleus
|One essential function of RBCs
|help transport carbon dioxide
|hemoglobin in RBCs unite with oxygen to form
|Hemoglobin can also carry a small proportion of the CO2 carried by the blood forming
|a condition caused by an inability of the blood to carry sufficient oxygen to the body cells
|a result from a decrease in the number of RBCs caused by hemorrhage
|a reduction in RBC numbers following destruction of the blood-forming elements in bone marrow
|a deficiency of RBCs that results from a failure of the stomach lining to produce the substance that allows vitamin B12 to be absorbed from the food we eat
|a hereditary disease caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin that is severe or sometimes fatal
|sickle cell anemia
|results when the is inadequate iron in the diet
|iron deficiency anemia
|bone marrow produces an excess of RBCs
|a measure of the total blood volume made up by the RBCs
|as a blood sample is spun down, the WBCs and platelets settle out in a layer called
|caused by excessive loss of body water
|that total number of WBCs per cubic millimeter (mm3) of whole blood ranges between 5,000 and 9,000
|total WBC count
|the proportions of each type of WBC are reported as percentages of the total WBC count.
|differential WBC count
|an abnormally low WBC count (less than 5,000 WBC/mm3 of blood)
|an abnormally high WBC count (more than 10,000 WBCs/mm3)
|the most numerous of the active WBCs (phagocytes-protecting the body from invading microorganisms)
|weak phagocytes, provides protection against infections caused by parasitic worms.
|found in peripheral blood they secret the chemical histamine, which is released during the inflammatory reaction
|the largest leukocytes and are aggressive phagocytes
|specialized monocytes that grow to several times their original size after migrating out of the bloodstream.
|help protect us against infections, but they do it by a process different from phagocytosis
|a term used to describe a number of blood cancers affecting the WBCs
|damaged tissue cells in an injured vessel wall release certain clotting factors into the plasma these factors rapidly react with other factors already present in the plasma to form
|a soft temporary plug that accumulates near the opening in a broken blood vessel.
|the next step of clotting by converting prothrombin to
|in the last step of clotting thrombin reacts with this to change it to a fibrous gel called fibrin
|a clot stays in the place where it was formed
|the condition when a clot stays in the place where it was formed
|if part of the clot dislodges and circulates through the bloodstream, the dislodged part is called
|the condition of a part of a clot dislodges and circulating in the bloodstream
|a substance that can activate the immune system to make certain responses, including the production of antibodies
|a substance made by the body in response to stimulation by an antigen
|the process of many antibodies reacting with their antigens
|testing for the presence or absence of an additional antigen
|Rh antigen is the basis for classifying ______
|Rh-positive or Rh-negative
|universal donor blood universal recipient blood
|caused by a mother's Rh antibodies reacting with the baby's Rh-positive cells.
|carefully matched blood to the blood of the recipient for ABO and Rh compatibility and also tested further