Printable Flash Cards
Computer Basics template



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QuestionsAnswers
The primary function of a hard drive?STORING DATA
Occurs when media and other data from a file are stored in various locations on a hard drive, slowing down the system's performance?FRAGMENTATION
Blocks unwanted programs from accessing the internet?FIREWALL
What is it called when a computer performs multiple processing functions at the same time?PARALLEL PROCESSING
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniac?CO-FOUNDERS OF APPLE
What is an information-sharing connection between two or more devices?A NETWORK
A widely used LAN protocol which requires a wired connection?ETHERNET
Made up of 1024 kilobytes?MEGABYTE
A device used to connect a device via a telephone line, and works by coding and decoding digital information before sending it over that telephone line?MODEM
Made up of 1024 bytes?GIGABYTE
Made up of 1024 megabytes?GIGABYTE
The most basic neural network has three layers of neurons:INPUT, OUTPUT, and HIDDEN NEURONS
A data message or fragment of a message is referred to as what?PACKET
Diverting a website's traffic to another website illegally?PHARMING
The computer systems in a network which packets pass between are?NODES
A type of network where the resources of all computers on the network are pooled together?PEER - TO - PEER NETWORK
The execution of a set of instructions which will be repeated?LOOP
A technique used by corporate entities to flood download sites with flawed copies of a piece of media in order to reduce piracy?SPOOFING
Order of the generations of computers:VACUUM TUBES TRANSISTORS INTEGERATED CIRCUITS MICROPROCESSORS
Mitchell Kapor and Jonathan Sachs?FOUNDERS OF LOTUS
Acts as a transition between human language and machine language, allowing a programmer to tell a computer what to do:PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
The first computer used in the United States? (Could perform computation of loops).ENIAC
Bill GatesFOUNDER OF MICROSOFT
The first commercial computer?UNIVAC1
A group of columns within a database which uniquely specify a row, with no rows having NULL valuePRIMARY KEY
Responsible for processing data and calculations within the system?CPU (CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT)
Has no physical existence, but is a virtual operation of the computer (such as an antivirus)SOFTWARE
What does DSL stand for?DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE
Can be read by a CD drive, but not written to?CD-ROM
Used in situations where small uploads can be achieved simply by users with little knowledge of uploading?HTTP (HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL)
Primarily used by webmasters for mass uploads directly to a server?FTP
What is true of a VIRUS but not a TROJAN HORSE?IT CAN BE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE COMPUTER TO ANOTHER.
What are the four types of structured files in a database?ISAM, HEAPS, HASH BUCKETS, and B+ TREES
A processor's specific code or machine language?NATIVE CODE
What are the 3 major classes of software?APPLICATION, PROGRAMMING, and SYSTEM
Used to copy files between systems on a network and upload files to a server?FTP (FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL)
A data processing series where the output from one element becomes the input of the next element?SOFTWARE PIPELINE
What year was the APPLE II introduced?1977
An internet-connected computer that has been hacked or infected with a virus?ZOMBIE COMPUTER
Type of programming where the programmer deals with a series of self-contained objects which interact with one another?OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
A form of memory which persists when a machine is turned off, and cannot be written to?ROM (READ ONLY MEMORY)
A user interface which primarily uses graphical elements such as images and icons?GUI (GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE)



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