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Digestive System template



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QuestionsAnswers
What 5 parts of our body does the Alimentary canal (gastrointestinal tract) contain?mouth, esophagus, stomach, small & large intestine
What does the Alimentary canal do for our body?Digests & absorbs food
What 6 organs are the Accessory Organs of the Digestive System?teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
The Digestive Process Ingestion means what?eating
The Digestive Process that moves food through the Alimentary Canal?Propulsion
During Propulsion, what is voluntary control and where do we do this at?Swallowing; pharynx
During Propulsion what's involuntary alternating contractions and relaxations of smooth muscle from the esophagus down?Peristalsis
The Digestive Process that's chewing in mouth, churning in stomach, & segmentation in intestines?Mechanical Digestion
This is a "disassembly" line where nutrients become more available to the body in each stepGI Tract
The Digestive Process that's the enzymatic break down of foodChemical Digestion
The Digestive Process that moves through mucosa into blood and lymph vesselsAbsorption of digested end products
The Digestive Process that is the elimination of indigestible substances (feces)Defecation
In the Control of Digestion what 2 things initiate reflexes that activate glands or smooth muscle?Mechanoreceptors from stretching and chemoreceptors from substances
In the Control of Digestion Mechanical & Chemical Stimuli also control what?stretch receptors, osmolarity, & the presence of subtrate in the lumen
During the Control of Digestion, what Neural part is controlled by local centers "in house reflexes"intrinsic
In the Control of Digestion, what Neural part is controlled by CNS and ANS reflexes?Extrinsic
What's the Hormonal Control of Digestion?intrinsically produced for "in house" result
This works from the esophagus to the anal canalAlimentary Canal
What are the 4 tunics of the Alimentary Canal (GI tract)?Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis externa, serosa
This is the moist mucus-covered inner layer of the Alimentary Canal; what does it line?Mucosa; lines the alimentary canal lumen
What epithelium in the Mucosa of the Alimentary Canal is below the esophagus?Simple columnar Epithelium
What does the epithelium of the Mucosa in the Alimentary Canal contain?enzyme-secreting and hormone-secreting cells
In the Mucosa of the Alimentary Canal, what's the areolar connective tissue?Lamina Propria
What does the Lamina Propria do in the Mucosa of the Alimentary Canal?it's capillaries absorb digested nutrients
What does the Lamina Propria in the Mucosa of the Alimentary Canal contain?mucosa associated lymphatic tissue
In the Mucosa of the Alimentary canal, this thin smooth muscle causes folding of mucosa in increase surface area.Muscularis Mucosae
In the Alimentary Canal, this has areolar connective tissue with glands, blood vessels, lymph follicles and nerve plexusSubmucosa
In the Alimentary Canal, this is smooth muscle of inner circular and outer longitudinally layers responsible for peristalsis and segmentationMuscularis Externa
In the Alimentary canal, what has visceral peritoneum of simple squamous epitheliumSerosa
What is the serous membrane of the abdominal cavity?Peritoneum
The 3 things that control digestion initiate reflexes that do what?Activate or inhibit digestive glands & mix lumen contents & move them along
what is the serous membrane covering the surface of the Digestive organs?Visceral peritoneum
What is the serous membrane lining the inner wall of the abdominopelvic cavity?Parietal Peritoneum
What's the cavity between the Visceral & Parietal peritoneum?Peritoneal cavity
What does the Parietal Cavity contain?serous fluid for lubrication
What is the peritoneum connecting the Digestive organs called?Mesentery



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