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Fingerprint Science template

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First person to study and describe ridges, furrows, and poresNehemiah Grew
First to publish research stating specific ridge arrangments may be similar, but are never duplicatedJ.C.A. Mayer
First to use a microscope in medical studies, published book dealing with structure and function of skin, described skin as enhancement for grasping and walkingMarcello Malphighi
Scientifically proved that fingerprints are unique and permanent, identified the characteristics (minutia) by which fingerprints can be identified.Sir Francis Galton
Made wooden engravings of fingerprints and published themThomas Bewick
Czech physiologist who published thesis which classified fingerprints into 9 different patternsJohannes Purkinje
First European to recognize the value of friction skin for idenitificstion purposes, and proved friction ridge skin is persistent throughout lifeSir William Herschel
Devised the most widely used fingerprint classification system in the worldSir Edward Henry
1st to publish artical on the use of fingerprints as means of identification as well as the used of printers ink to record them, credited for being the first to comment on the use of fingerprints to solve crimes.Dr. Henry Faulds
Photographer who suggested the use of fingerprinting for the registration of chinese imamigrant laborers.I. West Tabor
Devised a identification system known as Anthropometry or the Bertillon System by using different body part measurentsAlphonso Bertillion
German researcher who was the first to address the formation of friction ridges in embyos and identified ther presence and location of volar padsArthur Kollmann
German researcher who is credited with being the first to examine the walking surfaces of other animalsH. Klaatsch
Scotland Yard Detective who gave a fingerprint presentation at the Worlds Fair in St. Louis that led to the development of fingerprint burueas in t. Louis and the US penatentury at Leavenworth, KansaaJohn Ferrier
First murder case to be solved with the use of a fingerprint identificationThe Rojas Murders
the year New York state prison system began the first systematic use of fingerprints for the identification of criminals1903
Man involved with the 1st use of fingerprints for law enforcement ArgentinaJuan Vucetich
The year the first systematic use of fingerprints were used in the United States. The New York Civil Service Commission used them to identifiy perspective employess for employment test taking purposes1902
Year the U.S. Army began using fingeprints.1905
year England began using fingerprints a s an officvial means of identification1901
Year the first person in the U.S. was convicted of murder based on fingerprint evidence1911 Jennings case
Year the IAI was founded1915
Testified in the first U.S. Murder case in Chicago where Thomas Jennings was convicted due to fingerprint evidenceEdward Foster
year Congress established the Identification Division of the FBI1924
The FBI started its national fingerprint collection with __#___ records810,000
1st appellate case reguarding the admissablility of fingeprint expert testimony(1911)People vs. Jennings
First culture to use friction ridge impressions as a means of identificationChinese
1st U.S. case where conviction was obtained based on fingerprint evidence alone.People vs. Crispi
1st American woman instructor of fingerprintingMary Holland
Pattern in which the ridges enter upon one side< make a rise in the center and tend to flow out the opposite side. Has no deltasArch Pattern
Whorl Patterns must possess at least __#__ deltastwo
Pattern that possess an angle, upthrust or two of the three basic characteristics of a loop. Has no deltas.Tented Arch Pattern
Pattern that consists of one or moreridges whick make a complete circuit, with at least two deltas, between which, when a imagenary line is drawn, at least one recurving rige with in the inner pattern area is cut or touchedPlain Whorl
What % of fingerprints display arch patterns5%
Whorl Patters make up what percentage of all fingerprints30%
The three basic requirements of a loop pattern-Sufficient recurve -one delta -Ridge county accross a looping ridge
Pattern that consists of two separate loop formations with two separate and distinct sets of shoulders and two deltas.Double Loop Whorl
Loop patterns make up what percentage of all fingerprits65%
pattern consisting of at least one recurving ridge, or obstuctruction at right angle to the line of flow, with two deltas, between which when an imaginary line is drawn, no recurving ridge in the inner pattern area is cut or touchedCentral Pocket Loop Whorl
Pattern in which one or more ridges enter upon either side, recurve, touch or passan imagenary line between delta and core and pass out or tend to pass out upon the same side the ridges origionally entered.Loop Pattern
The Henry classification System consists of what categories-Key -Major -Primary -Secondary -Subsecondary -Samll letter group -Final
Also known as sweat glandsEccrine Glands
Glands found in almost all skin surfaces of the bodyEccrine Glands
The greatest density of eccrin glands are on what two skin surfaces?Palmar and Plantar
Sebaceous Glands are not found on what two skin surfaces?Palmar and Plantar
what makes up 99-99.5 % of perspiration (eccrine sweat)?Water
Sebacceous Glands are associated with what part of smooth skinHair Follicles
What makes up 0.5 to 1.0% of perspiration.Solids
What is the primary source of fats and oils found in perspirationSebum
What two types of solids are found in perspiration?-Organic (amino acids) -Inorganic (salts)
Substance secreated by the Sebaceous GlandsSebum
Trikethydrindene is another name for?Ninhydrin
Cyanoaccrylate is attracted to and polemorizes with what substance found in latent print residue?Water
Ninhydrin chemically reacts to what substance found in perspiration?Amino Acids
What fuming method does not develop prints using a chemical reaction but rather by being absorbed by the oily substances found in latent print residue?Iodine Fuming
What does DFO chemically react to?Amino Acids
DFO requires what type of visual examination?Fluorescent
DFO is suitable for what type of surface?Porous
What surfaces are Iodine fuming suitable for?Most Porous and non-Pourus surfaces
Skin is the #? largest organ3rd
The human body had what two types of skin?Smooth Skin and Friction Skin
True / False Friction skin has only sweat glandsTrue
True / False Smooth Skin containes both sweat glands and sebaceous glandsTrue
On average friction skin contains about how many sweat glands per inch?2700
Swest secreted by the Eccrine gland is calledEccrine
What are the two main layers of skindermis and epidermis
Which layer of skin is the outer layer?epidermis layer
Which layer of skin is the inner layer?derims layer
Why is the dermis layer of skin called the "true layer"?Because it is the generating layer
True / False A scar can result whe skin is cut down to the epidermis layer.False. dermis layer must be cut
What is the scientific process used by examiners during the identification of friction skin?ACE-V
Is the Analisys process in the ACE-V methodolgy objective or subjective?Objective
Describe what Level 1 Detail is as it relates to fingerprint examinationThe overall pattern type and ridge flow with in the print
Describe what Level 2 Detail as it relates to fingerprint examinationthe types and locations of friction ridge characteristics such as ridge endings, biforcations, enclosures, and islands
Can Level 1 Detail alone be used to individualize?No
Describe what Level Detail as it relates to fingerprint examinationit is the shape of the friction ridge and pore location within the ridge.
Can Level 3 Detail alone be used to individualize?Yes
Is the Comparison faze in the ACE-V methodolgy objective or subjective?Objective
What two things should the examiner look for during the comparison faze of ACE-VSimilarities and Dissimilarities
What is the scientific basis for the use of fingerprints as a means of identificationThey are unique and they are permanent
What portion of the ACE-V methodology encompasses the counclusion reached by the examiner after taking into consideration the Anlysis and Comparison fazes?The Evaluation
Why is the evaluation faze of the ACE-V methodology considered subjective?because it is an opinion

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