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Genetic Mutation template



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QuestionsAnswers
What is Genetic Drift?Random changes in the frequency of genetic traits from one generation to another
What is Gene Flow?Admixture through migration and interbreeding
What is Mitosis?The duplication of non-sex cells
What is Miosis?The duplication of sex cells
What is a Somatic cell?A body cell, not a sex cell
Where is DNA stored in the cell?In the nucleus
What are DNA's three functions?Replication of all cells, not just sex cells. Translation. And to transfer info to offspring (meiosis)
Adaptations are both cultural and biological. The interaction of these adaptations isBiological Anthropology
Darwin's important ideas wereNatural Selection; Survival of the fittest
The branching pattern in evolution can also be calledCladogenesis
Genes are located on theChromosomes
What is a chromosome?A string of genes contained in the cell nucleus
All cells have the same # of chromosomes exceptSex cells
How many pairs of chromosomes do human sex cells have?23
How many pairs of chromosomes do regular human cells have?46
Who determines the sex of the child?The Male because he carries XY whereas the female carries XX
What is the Founder Effect? (A.K.A. Sewall Wright Effect)The reduced genetic diversity that results when a population is descended from a small number of colonizing ancestors.
How did Linnaeus structure taxonomy?He gave each plant and animal a higher-level genus name and a lower-level species name.
What is Mitochondrial DNA?A kind of miniature chromosome containing 37 genes that is inherited just from the mother.
What is RNA?A nucleic acid present in all living cells. Its principle role is to act as a messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins.
What is DNA?A self-replicating material present in nearly all-living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information.
What are the relationships of DNA bases?A with T and C with G
A non-disjunction is whenChromosome pairs fail to separate during meiosis or mitosis and result in an incorrect number of chromosomes in the person's genome.
Darwin used Malthus's five observations, which wereThat most pairs of parents produce multiple offspring, an organisms population size typically remains the same, population is limited by food supply, members compete for food access, and no two members alike (variation exists).



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