Learn about the process of cell transportation and genetic dispositions with these scientific flash cards.
There are 27 flash cards in this set (5 pages to print.)
1. Print out the cards.
2. Cut along the dashed lines.
3. Fold along the solid lines.
Sample flash cards in this set:
|Gene||A part of a cell that controls the appearance, growth, etc., of a living thing.|
|Allele||any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a given locus.|
|Trait||A quality that makes one person or thing different from another.|
|Hybrid||An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plants of different types.|
|Homozygous||Having the two genes at the corresponding loci on homologous chromosomes identical for one or more loci.|
|Heterozygous||Having the two allele at corresponding loci on homologous chromosomes identical for one or more loci|
|Transformation||A complete or major change in someone`s or something`s appearance, form, etc.|
|Bacteriophage||A virus that infects Bacteria.|
|Base Paring||To participate in formation of a base pair.|
|DNA polymerase||Any of several polymerase that promote replication or repair of DNA usually using single-stranded DNA as a template.|
|Transcription||the process of constructing a messenger RNA molecule using a DNA molecule as a template with resulting transfer of genetic information to the messenger RNA.|
|Translation||the process of forming a protein molecule at a ribosomal site of protein synthesis.|
|Codon||a specific sequence of three consecutive nucleotides that is part of the genetic code.|
|Anticodon||a triplet of nucleotide bases in transfer RNA that identifies the amino acid carried and binds to a complementary codon.|
|Mutation||a change in the genes of a plant or animal that causes physical characteristics that are different from what is normal.|
|Selective breeding||Intentional breeding for a specific characteristic.|
|Genetic engineering||the science of making changes to the genes of a plant or animal to produce a desired result.|
|Restriction enzyme||any of various enzymes that cleave DNA into fragments at specific sites in the interior of the molecule|
|Gel electrophoresis||electrophoresis in which molecules migrate through a gel and especially a polyacrylamide gel and separate into bands according to size|
|Recombinant DNA||genetically engineered DNA usually incorporating DNA from more than one species of organism|
|Polymerase chain||an in vitro technique for rapidly synthesizing large quantities of a given DNA segment that involves separating the DNA into its two complementary strands.|
|Plasmid||an extrachromosomal ring of DNA especially of bacteria that replicates autonomously|
|Karyotype||the chromosomal characteristics of a cell|
|Pedigree||the history of the family members in a person's or animal's past especially when it is good or impressive|
|Nondisjunction||failure of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate subsequent to metaphase in meiosis or mitosis so that one daughter cell has both and the other neither of the chromosomes|
|DNA fingerprint||a technique used especially for identification by extracting and identifying the base-pair pattern in an individual's DNA|