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Genetics template



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QuestionsAnswers
GeneA part of a cell that controls the appearance, growth, etc., of a living thing.
Alleleany of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a given locus.
TraitA quality that makes one person or thing different from another.
HybridAn animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plants of different types.
HomozygousHaving the two genes at the corresponding loci on homologous chromosomes identical for one or more loci.
HeterozygousHaving the two allele at corresponding loci on homologous chromosomes identical for one or more loci
TransformationA complete or major change in someone`s or something`s appearance, form, etc.
BacteriophageA virus that infects Bacteria.
Base ParingTo participate in formation of a base pair.
ReplicationCopy, Reproduction.
DNA polymeraseAny of several polymerase that promote replication or repair of DNA usually using single-stranded DNA as a template.
Transcriptionthe process of constructing a messenger RNA molecule using a DNA molecule as a template with resulting transfer of genetic information to the messenger RNA.
Translationthe process of forming a protein molecule at a ribosomal site of protein synthesis.
Codona specific sequence of three consecutive nucleotides that is part of the genetic code.
Anticodona triplet of nucleotide bases in transfer RNA that identifies the amino acid carried and binds to a complementary codon.
Mutationa change in the genes of a plant or animal that causes physical characteristics that are different from what is normal.
Selective breedingIntentional breeding for a specific characteristic.
Genetic engineeringthe science of making changes to the genes of a plant or animal to produce a desired result.
Restriction enzymeany of various enzymes that cleave DNA into fragments at specific sites in the interior of the molecule
Gel electrophoresiselectrophoresis in which molecules migrate through a gel and especially a polyacrylamide gel and separate into bands according to size
Recombinant DNAgenetically engineered DNA usually incorporating DNA from more than one species of organism
Polymerase chainan in vitro technique for rapidly synthesizing large quantities of a given DNA segment that involves separating the DNA into its two complementary strands.
Plasmidan extrachromosomal ring of DNA especially of bacteria that replicates autonomously
Karyotypethe chromosomal characteristics of a cell
Pedigreethe history of the family members in a person's or animal's past especially when it is good or impressive
Nondisjunctionfailure of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate subsequent to metaphase in meiosis or mitosis so that one daughter cell has both and the other neither of the chromosomes
DNA fingerprinta technique used especially for identification by extracting and identifying the base-pair pattern in an individual's DNA



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