Learn about the different types of rock formations with these printable geology flash cards.
There are 30 flash cards in this set (5 pages to print.)
1. Print out the cards.
2. Cut along the dashed lines.
3. Fold along the solid lines.
Sample flash cards in this set:
|"Sphere of stone" a region of the earth's crust and upper mantle.
|Several "floats" like rafts on the plastic rock of the upper mantle.
|(Hypothesis) all the continents were connected together into one huge land mass
|Fracture zone - at the boundary between stationary rock and moving rock.
|3 major kinds of faults
|1. Normal Fault - occurs when rocks along one side of fault sink vertically. 2. Strike-slip fault - when rocks along one side move horizontally. 3. Thrust Fault - when rocks on one side of a fault are shoved on top the other side.
|Bending or buckling of rocks under great force
|Troughlike structure caused from rocks that bend downward during the folding process
|Archlike structure formed from rocks that buckle upward during folding
|Molten rock erupts from a hole in the earth's crust
|Formed when edges of two adjacent rock layers were pushed together
|When molten rock is forced beneath an overlying rock layer
|Formed along a fault; the rocks on one side are forced upward while the other side sink
|Earthquakes that result from sudden movements of rock beneath the earth's surface
|Giant sea waves
|Smaller earthquakes or tremors that follow a major earthquake
|Study of earthquakes
|The point at which an earthquake begins
|The point on the earth's surface directly above the focus
|An instrument that records the vibrations caused by an earthquake
|Record produced by seismograph
|Most active zone for earthquakes
|Richter Magnitude Scale
|Scale used to measure earthquake strength
|An opening in the earths structure through which hoy gases, ash, and molten rock are ejected from earths interior
|The study of volcanoes
|Ring of fire
|Narrow zone of active volcanoes that parallels the circumference. Pacific Belt: more than half the Earth's active volcanoes here
|Huge bowl-shaped craters
|Verticle, sheetlike mass of igneous rock
|Horizontal, sheetlike mass of igneous rock