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Heredity Terms template

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GenotypeAn organism's genetic makeup, or allele combination's.
PhenotypeAn organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
HomozygousHaving two identical alleles for a trait.
HeterozygousHaving two diffrent alleles for a trait.
Gregor MendelExperimented with thousands of pea plants to understand the process of heredity.
MeiosisThe process by which that occurs in the formation of sex cells(sperm and egg)by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by half.
Dominant AlleleAn allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present.
Recessive AlleleAn allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present.
Messenger RNARNA that copies the coded message from DNA in the nucleus and carries the message into the cytoplasm.
Transfer RNARNA in the cytoplasm that carries an aminco acid to the ribosome and adds it to the growing protein chain.
Punnet SquareA chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles that can result from a genetic cross.
ProbabilityA number that describes how likely it is that an event will occur.

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