Great for rhetoric classes and political debates, these printable flash cards cover different logical fallacies
There are 15 flash cards in this set (3 pages to print.)
1. Print out the cards.
2. Cut along the dashed lines.
3. Fold along the solid lines.
Sample flash cards in this set:
|The attack upon a person for non-relevant traits they have rather than the viewpoint they hold.
|An attack on an exaggerated position that an opponent does not truly hold to make their true position seem ridiculous or easier to oppose.
|Appeal to Ignorance
|Argues that something must be true (or false) because there is no evidence proving it otherwise.
|Artificially limits many possible options down to two extremes, forcing a choice between the two.
|Slippery Slope Fallacy
|The unsubstantiated argument that a fairly harmless action will lead to a chain of events that will ultimately result in something extreme, dangerous, or harmful.
|A repetitive argument that repeats the same claim in multiple ways and uses that redundant argument as proof that the initial claim is true.
|An argument based on a few or insufficient examples or anecdotes rather than data that can be proven or verified.
|Red Herring Fallacy
|An argument that hinges on something irrelevant to the subject that is used to distract or confuse the real issue.
|Appeal to Hypocrisy
|The deflection of blame and criticism away from the self by pointing out the flaws or hypocrisy of the opponent.
|The fallacy of coming to a conclusion without proper evidence or information (also mistaking correlation for causation).
|Fallacy of Sunk Costs
|The assumption that one must stick with something bad, unwanted, or harmful simply because they have already invested time, money, effort, etc. that they cannot get back.
|Appeal to Authority
|Applying unearned credibility to a viewpoint simply because the person holding it is in a position of authority, especially if their credentials are not relevant to the subject.
|Words, phrases, promises, or arguments that are deliberately vague or designed to confuse, deceive, or have double meanings.
|Appeal to Pity
|An attempt to exploit the feeling of empathy and pity in the listener to make them more lenient or understanding of a viewpoint.
|The assumption that something is good or right simply because a lot of other people support or believe in it.