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Major World Belief Systems template



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QuestionsAnswers
AnimismBelief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life
Buddhismthe teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
Cargo Cult PilgrimageCargo Cult's believe western goods have been traded to them by ancestral spirits. It takes place in Melanesia and is important go HG because it's a big religious movement by a large number of people
Christianitya monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
ConfucianismA philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct.
Ethnic ReligionA religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated
Exclave/EnclaveA enclave is a country or part of a country mostly surrounded by the territory of another country; an exclave is one which is geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory. This is important to HG because a lot of countries are within other countries
Fundamentalismthe interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
Geomancy(feng shui)divination by means of signs connected with the earth (as points taken at random or the arrangement of particles thrown down at random or from the configuration of a region and its relation to another)
Hadjthe fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
Hinduisma body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth
Interfaith boundariesboundaries between the world's major faiths
Islamthe religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life
Jainismreligion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism, a religion that branched off from Hinduism and was founded by Mahavira; its belief is that everything has a soul, and its purpose was to cleanse the soul. Some were extreme aesthetics.
Judaismthe monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
Landscapes of the deadThe certain areas where people have commonly been buried
Monotheism/PolytheismMonotheism this is the belief in one god and polytheism is the belief in many gods. This affects HG because many religions spread throughout the world fall under these two categories.
MormonismA term used to describe religious, ideological, and cultural aspects of the various denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement. It is important because a lot of people around the world practice Mormonism
Muslim pilgrimageIf physically and financially able, a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Makah. (Mecca) They usually make the trip around Ramadan. This pilgrimage is also referred to as Hajj. It is important because Islam is one of the most popular religions practiced around the world.
Muslim populationIt is the religion of 1.3 billion people in the world. It is the predominant religion of the Middle East from North Africa to Central Asia. Half of the world's Muslims live in four countries outside the Middle East: Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India. It is important because Islam is one of the most popular religions practiced around the world.
Proselytic religionA religion that actively seeks converts and has the goal of converting humankind
Reincarnationthe Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
Religiona strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
Religious Architectural stylesThese are the styles of architecture created by the religions. For example, Christians have always made temples, and Buddhists have always made a lot of religious statues. This is important to human geography because these styles affected most of the future styles for other civilizations.
Religious conflictThis is the conflicts between religions. One of these is Israel-Palestine. This consists of Roman Takeovers, Muslim conquests, and the crusades. This affects human geography because there has been a lot of bloodshed over Religious Conflict.
Religious culture hearthThis is where most religions are born. Most major religions have come from the Middle East near Israel, but a few have come from India too. This is important to human geography because where religions are created, civilizations are too.
Religious toponymThis refers to the origin and meaning of the names of religions. This is important to HG because many names mean significant things including beliefs of cultures.
Sacred Spaceplace or space people infuse with religious meaning
SecularismThe view that the present well-being of mankind should predominate over religious considerations in civil or public affairs
Shamanisman animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans
Sharia lawthe code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
ShintoismReligion located in Japan and related to Buddhism. Shintoism focuses particularly on nature and ancestor worship
Sikhismthe doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
Sunni/ShiaSunni- A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad Shia- the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Taoismphilosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
Theocracygovernment run by religious leaders
UniversalizingReligions that attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location.
Zoroastrianismdual gods of equal power to form early monotheism; Persian; cosmic struggle over good and bad; those that do good go to heaven and bad go to hell; influenced Judaism and Christianity



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