Great for biologists and cooks, these flash cards discuss the way that nutrients work in the body.
There are 18 flash cards in this set (3 pages to print.)
1. Print out the cards.
2. Cut along the dashed lines.
3. Fold along the solid lines.
Sample flash cards in this set:
|List the six classes of nutrients found in food?
|1) Carbohydrates 2) Proteins 3) Lipids 4) water 5) Minerals 6) vitamins
|which are macronutrients and which are micronutrients?
|-Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and water are MACRO -Vitamins and Minerals are MICRO
|Identify which of the nutrients yield energy and how many kcals/gram for each.
|1) Proteins- 4kcal/gram 2) Carbohydrates- 4kcal/gram 3) Lipids- 9kcal/gram 4) alcohol- 7kcal/gram
|What is the DRI?
|Dietary Reference Intake -Supports specific bodily function -Half of the healthy population (average/mean)
|which nutrients are organic and which are inorganic
|-Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and vitamins are ORGANIC -Water and minerals are INORGANIC
|What is the RDA?
|Recommended Dietary Allowances -Uses the EAR as a base -Exceed needs of practically all healthy populations -Considers deficiencies
|What is the AI?
|Adequate Intake -Nutrient without an established EAR
|What is the EER?
|Estimated Energy requirement -average daily energy intake (kcals)
|What is the UL?
|Tolerable Upper Intake Level -Maximum daily amount -Appears safe for most healthy people -If intake is above the maximum will have an increased risk of adverse health effects
|What is the AMDR?
|Acceptable Macro-Nutrient Distribution Range -Range of intakes for energy nutrients -Provide adequate energy and nutrients -Reduce risk of chronic disease -"% of kcals from..."
|What is the recommended intake of nutrients for a 2000 calorie diet?
|2 cups of Fruits 2.5 cups of vegetables 6 oz of grains 5.5 oz of Proteins 3 cups of Dairy 6 tsp of oils/fats
|What is the "Daily Value Percentage" for fats/oils?
|30% of kcals
|What is the "Daily Value Percentage" for Carbohydrates?
|60% of kcals
|What does Enriched mean? and what does Fortified mean?
|-Enriched means to replace nutrients that have been lost during refinement -Fortified means to add additional nutrients that were not in the original product
|What is the "Daily Value Percentage" for fiber?
|11.5g per 1000 kcal
|What does Essential nutrient mean?
|This means that the body can not produce enough of the given nutrient to sustain life and thus must be consumed for life to continue
|What is the "Daily Value Percentage" for Proteins?
|10% of kcals
|What are Phytochemicals?
|Is a broad name for a wide variety of compounds produced by plants. -Common names: Antioxidants, flavonoids, phytonutrients, falvones