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Poetry Types & Terms template



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HaikuJapanese verse, written in 17 syllables, divided into 3 lines of 5,7, and 5 syllables. Highly descriptive and many times about nature
Free VerseAn open form of poetry. Does not use consistent patterns, rhyme, or any musical pattern. Tends to follow the rhyme of natural speech.
LimerickHumorous verse of five lines in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the 3rd and 4th lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet.
Cinquainshort poem of 5, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, 2, 4, 6, 8 and two syllable or any stanza of 5 lines
SonnetVerse from Italian origin. Consists of 14 lines in lambic pentameter with rhymes arranged according to a fixed scheme.
ElegyA mournful, melancholic or plaintive poem, especially a funeral song or a lament for the dead.
BalladRetells an event in history, in the news, or in your life.
OdeA formal, often ceremonious lyric poem that addresses and often celebrates a person, place, thing, or idea.
ProseThe ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse.
QuatrainA four line stanza, rhyming
SestinaA complex French verse form, usually unrhymed, consisting of 6 stanzas of 6 lines each.



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