Learn about the signs, symptoms and prevention of rubella with these printable medical flash cards.
There are 10 flash cards in this set (2 pages to print.)
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Sample flash cards in this set:
|Description of Rubella/ German Measles/ Third Disease||Acute viral infection of childhood (and adults) that may occur in two different forms: Acquired and Congenital|
|Risk Factors for Rubella||Lack of vaccination and subsequent exposure to viral particles by airborne transmission Incubation period is 14-21 days Most contagious when rash is erupting|
|Assessment Findings in Acquired Rubella||Mild catarrhal symptoms, conjunctivitis Low-grade fever Occipital lymph nodes are most commonly involved and are essentially diagnostic Lymphadenopathy; postauricular, posterior cervical Possible splenomegaly Maculopapular rash (which starts on the face and spreads to chest) which usually lasts about 3 days Possible desquamation In adults and adolescents, arthralgia and arthritis common|
|Assessment Findings in Congenital Rubella||Premature delivery Fetal demise Low birth weight Eye defects: Cataracts, glaucoma, retinopathy Cardiac defects: PDA, ASD, VSD, Coarctation of Aorta, pulmonic stenosis Nervous System defects: Mental retardation, psychomotor retardation, encephalitis, autism, deafness Endocrine Defects: Thyroid disorder, diabetes mellitus, precocious puberty Hematological Defects: Splenomegaly, thrombosytopenia, hepatitis|
|Diagnostic Studies for Rubella||Viral Cultures from throat or urine (not usually needed) Rubella Antibodies: titer of 1:10 or higher is considered immune|
|Nonpharmacologic Management of Rubella||Supportive care|
|Pharmacologic Management of Rubella||Usually none needed|
|Pregnancy Considerations in Rubella||Pregnancy avoided for 1 month after vaccine Vaccine virus may be communicable through breast milk|
|Expected Course of Rubella||50% of infections are asymptomatic Infection is early pregnancy has worse outcomes than those associated with infection after the 20th week|
|Consult/Referral for Rubella||OB for suspected exposure during pregnancy Refer for complications Report all cases to local public health authorities|