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Henreys lawthe solubility of a gas in a liquid is proportional to the partial preassure of a gas
solutethe component of a solution that is present in the lesser quantity
solventthe component of a solution that is present in the greater quantity
solutionthe general term for a solute dissolved in a solvent
dipolea region in a polar molecule with a partial negative and a partial positive charge
net dipolethe overall direction of partial negative charge in a molecule
polar solventa dissolving liquid composed of polar molecules
nonpolar solventa dissolving liquid composed of non polar molecules
like dissolves like rulethe principle that solubility is greatest when the polarity of the solute is similar to that of the solvent
misciblerefers to liquids that disolve completly in one another
immisciblerefers to liquids that do not dissolve in one another and seperate into two layers
solvent cagea cluster of solvent molecules surrounding a solute particle in solution.
colloida mixture in which the dispersed particles range from 1 to 100 nm
tyndall effectthe scattering of a beam of light by colloid particles.
solubilitythe maximum amount of solute that can dissolve in a solvent at a given temperature
saturated solutiona solution containing the maximum solute that can dissolve at a given temperature
unsaturated solutiona solution containng less than the maximum solute that can dissolve at a given temperature
supersaturated solutiona solution containing more than the maximum solute that can dissolve at a given temperature.
mass/mass percent (m/m%)a solution concentration expression that relates the mass of solute in grams disolved i each 100 g of solution.
molaritya solution concentration expression that relates the moles of solute dissolved in each liter of solution.



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