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Systems of Government template



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QuestionsAnswers
Divine Right of Kingsbelief that kings/queens received their authority to rule from God
Legitimacyrightful authority any government has over its citizens
Social Contractpeople willingly give up their individual rights to the state in exchange for peace and order
John LockeEnglish philosopher who also had a take on social contract, but he said the state exists only with the consent of the people and if it doesn't do its job then it must be altered or changed
Thomas Hobbsstated that once this contract was made, it couldn't be changed
Natural RightsLocke; governments roper job is to secure the rights people have simply because they are human beings(life, liberty, pursuit of happiness)
Politicsprocess by which people participating in government express their opinions about what government should or should not do
Anarchya state of disorder due to absence or non recognition of authority
Valuesbasic principles by which people act and live their own lives
Stateaka. county; community in a specified territory with its own people, its own government and sovereignty
Governmentan institution with the power to make and enforce for all the people living in a political unit(state or country)
Lawset of rules
Natural Lawsystem of justice that comes from nature rather than from society; it would apply even if governments didn't exist
Presidential Systema republican system of government where a heat of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch; people elect him as president
Unitary Systema sovereign state governed a single entity
Federal Systemgovernment in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units
Parliamentary Systemsystem of democratic governance in which the executive branch services it democratic legitimacy from, and its held accountable for the parliament; chief officer usually called prime minister member of parliament; chosen by majority party.. party loses favor, new president is chosen
Confederal Systemgovernment system made of a league of several independent states; each state has their own sovereign powers



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