Governments are made up of people and social contracts among factions.
There are 18 flash cards in this set (3 pages to print.)
1. Print out the cards.
2. Cut along the dashed lines.
3. Fold along the solid lines.
Sample flash cards in this set:
|Divine Right of Kings||belief that kings/queens received their authority to rule from God|
|Legitimacy||rightful authority any government has over its citizens|
|Social Contract||people willingly give up their individual rights to the state in exchange for peace and order|
|John Locke||English philosopher who also had a take on social contract, but he said the state exists only with the consent of the people and if it doesn't do its job then it must be altered or changed|
|Thomas Hobbs||stated that once this contract was made, it couldn't be changed|
|Natural Rights||Locke; governments roper job is to secure the rights people have simply because they are human beings(life, liberty, pursuit of happiness)|
|Politics||process by which people participating in government express their opinions about what government should or should not do|
|Anarchy||a state of disorder due to absence or non recognition of authority|
|Values||basic principles by which people act and live their own lives|
|State||aka. county; community in a specified territory with its own people, its own government and sovereignty|
|Government||an institution with the power to make and enforce for all the people living in a political unit(state or country)|
|Law||set of rules|
|Natural Law||system of justice that comes from nature rather than from society; it would apply even if governments didn't exist|
|Presidential System||a republican system of government where a heat of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch; people elect him as president|
|Unitary System||a sovereign state governed a single entity|
|Federal System||government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units|
|Parliamentary System||system of democratic governance in which the executive branch services it democratic legitimacy from, and its held accountable for the parliament; chief officer usually called prime minister member of parliament; chosen by majority party.. party loses favor, new president is chosen|
|Confederal System||government system made of a league of several independent states; each state has their own sovereign powers|