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The Cells and Organelles template



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Cell Theory1. A cell is the basic unit of life. 2. All living things are made up of cells. 3. New cells come from other, pre-existing cells.
OrganellesStructures within a cell, enclosed within a membrane, that perform a specific function.
Plasma Membrane aka Cell MembraneSeparates the internal contents of the cell from the surrounding environment.
LysosomeDigests food and waste material.
Golgi ApparatusProcesses, packages and transports material produced in the cell.
CytoplasmSemi-fluid substance outside of the nucleus that contains organelles.
MitochondriaCarries out cellular respiration, producing energy for cell (ATP).
Central VacuoleStores macromolecules, coloured substances that attract insects or repel animals, keeps plant cell firm by pressing on cell wall.
Rough Endoplasmic ReticulumInvolved in protein packaging and production, rough because it has ribosomes attached to its surface.
Smooth Endoplasmic ReticulumInvolved in production of lipids and steroids.
PeroxisomeBreak down fatty acids and amino acids.
RibosomeBuilds proteins.
PlastidStores pigments.
ChloroplastWhere photosynthesis takes place.
Cell WallMaintains cell shape.
CytoskeletonProvides structure to the cell and assists with movement of the cell parts.
MicrotubulesCylinders of protein, maintain cell shape and structure, assist in cell division.
CentrioleOne of a pair of structures that comprise the centrosome, only visible during cell division.
CentrosomeMade up of a pair of centrioles which assist with separation of DNA during cell division.
Intermediate TubulesProtein fibres that give strength and support the cell.
MicrofilamentsThinner than microtubules, assist in cell movement.
NucleusThe control center for the cell.
NucleolusProduces ribosomes.
ChromatinComposed of DNA, carries chromosomes.
Nuclear EnvelopeThe membrane that surrounds the nucleus.



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